Charles Caffin


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Alfred Stieglitz (1864—1946) American photographer

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Art critic and historian. Although he wrote perceptively on many topics, he demonstrated particularly enlightened sympathy for modern forms of expression and for photography as a fine art. Born in Sittingbourne, Kent, England, Charles Henry Caffin graduated from Oxford University in 1877. In subsequent years he taught and participated in a Shakespearean troupe. In 1892 he came to the United States to assist as a decorator in preparing for the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago. He also worked in Washington, D.C., before settling permanently in the New York area in 1897. As a critic, he wrote prolifically on both historical and modern art in Europe and the United States. He contributed regularly to several magazines, notably including Camera Work, as well as Harper's Monthly and Century, and served as the art editor for the New York Sun between 1901 and 1904 and for the New York American between 1913 and his death. His many books include Photography as a Fine Art (1901), American Masters of Painting (1902), American Masters of Sculpture (1903), The Story of American Painting (1907), and Art for Life's Sake (1913), as well as a monograph on Dwight W. Tryon (1909).

Subjects: Photography and Photographs.

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