combined polemical feminist writing, particularly on the patriarchal institution of marriage (essays collected as The Morality of Marriage, 1897) with New Woman fiction. She celebrated women's drive to determine their own lives: in The Daughters of Danaus (1894) the heroine leaves husband and family to study music. Other novels include The Wing of Azrael (1889) and The Stones of Sacrifice (1915). Caird also campaigned extensively against vivisection: see A Sentimental View of Vivisection (1895) and Beyond the Pale (1897).
Subjects: Literature — Philosophy.