Caelius mons

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The most SE of the seven hills of Rome, lay south of the Esquiline. Crossed by the wall of Servius, it was densely populated in the republic; after a devastating fire in ad 27 it was largely occupied by the houses and gardens of the rich. The chief buildings on the hill included the temple of Divus Claudius, begun by his widow Iulia Agrippina, which was largely destroyed by her son Nero to build a monumental nymphaeum as part of his Domus Aurea, but restored by Vespasian; Nero's Macellum Magnum (ad 59), a new food‐market; and barracks for several of the military units stationed in Rome, including vigiles, and the mounted bodyguard of the emperor.

Subjects: Classical Studies.

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