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caldera


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A sunken crater at the centre of a volcano, formed when the magma founders, so that the centre of the volcano collapses. Kennedy and Stix (2007) GSA Bull. 119 examine magmatic processes and caldera collapse in New Hampshire; and Furuya (2003) Earth Planets Space 55 constructs an optimum source model of caldera formation.

Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography.


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