Henry Calderwood was born in Peebles on 10 May 1830 and died in Edinburgh on 19 November 1897 from angina aggravated by overwork. He was baptized into the East United Presbyterian Church, and his religious faith came to occupy a central position in theological and philosophical thought. He attended the Edinburgh Institution and then Edinburgh's Royal High School, having moved to the city when two years old. He matriculated on to the arts curriculum of the University of Edinburgh in 1847, with the plan of taking orders. Calderwood attended Sir William Hamilton's logic and metaphysics classes from the winter session 1848. Even though ill-health prevented him from completing his university studies, he went on to be ordained minister of Greyfriars, Glasgow on 16 September 1856, and became deeply involved in the political, religious and philanthropic affairs of Glasgow. He was made examiner in philosophy to the University of Glasgow in 1861 and was awarded an LL.D. by the university in 1865. He taught philosophy there in the period immediately prior to Edward Caird's appointment as Professor of Moral Philosophy in 1866. In 1868 Calderwood took up the Chair of Moral Philosophy in Edinburgh, where he continued his political and wider educational activities, becoming heavily involved in the North and East of Scotland Liberal Association.
From The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy in Oxford Reference.