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The people of the Scottish Highlands. For a people on the fringes of the known world, the Caledonians make an appearance in the works of a surprising number of Roman writers. Xiphilinus tells us that they were actually a confederation of tribes rather than a single entity. Confederation is confirmed by Tacitus, who records that Calgacus, who addressed the Caledonians before the battle of Mons Graupius, was ‘one of many leaders’. Tacitus described them as red‐haired and large‐limbed.

Subjects: British History.

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