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Prenatal development of calbindin D-28K in human visual cortex.

Osteopontin and calbindin gene expression in the eggshell gland as related to eggshell abnormalities

Postnatal development of calcium-binding proteins calbindin and parvalbumin in human visual cortex.

Postnatal Developmental Expression of Calbindin, Calretinin and Parvalbumin in Mouse Main Olfactory Bulb

GABA-Synthesizing Enzymes in Calbindin and Calretinin Neurons in Monkey Prefrontal Cortex

High ambient temperature influences eggshell quality and calbindin-D28k localization of eggshell gland and all intestinal segments of laying hens

Effect of Genistein As a Selective Estrogen Receptor Beta Agonist on the Expression of Calbindin-D9k in the Uterus of Immature Rats

Increased Volume of the Calbindin D28k-Labeled Sexually Dimorphic Hypothalamus in Genistein and Nonylphenol-Treated Male Rats

Novel Progestogenic Activity of Environmental Endocrine Disruptors in the Upregulation of Calbindin-D9k in an Immature Mouse Model

Estrogen Receptor α Pathway Is Involved in the Regulation of Calbindin-D9k in the Uterus of Immature Rats

An Evaluation of Estrogenic Activity of Parabens Using Uterine Calbindin-D9k Gene in an Immature Rat Model

Human-specific Organization of Primary Visual Cortex: Alternating Compartments of Dense Cat-301 and Calbindin Immunoreactivity in Layer 4A

Tetrabromodiphenyl Ether (BDE 47) Evokes Estrogenicity and Calbindin-D9k Expression through an Estrogen Receptor–Mediated Pathway in the Uterus of Immature Rats

A Calcium-Binding Protein, Calbindin-D9k, Is Regulated through an Estrogen-Receptor–Mediated Mechanism following Xenoestrogen Exposure in the GH3 Cell Line

Dual role of substance P/GABA axons in cortical neurotransmission: synaptic triads on pyramidal cell spines and basket-like innervation of layer II-III calbindin interneurons in primate prefrontal cortex.


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Members of the family of calcium-binding proteins containing an EF-hand motif that includes calmodulin, parvalbumin, troponin C, and S100 protein. Calbindin 1 (261 aa) is found in primate striate cortex and other neuronal tissues. Calbindin-positive neurons in the thalamus are thought to play a role in arousal by stimulating the cortex. Calbindin 2 (calretinin) is similar to calbindin 1 but slightly larger (271 aa) and found in cerebellar Purkinje cells. Calbindin 3 (intestinal calcium-binding protein, 79 aa) is found in the intestine and is induced by vitamin D.

Subjects: Medicine and Health.

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