Calpurnius Bibulus, Marcus

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Caesar's colleague in the curule aedileship and the praetorship and finally, after a bribery fund had been set up for him by the nobiles, in the consulship of 59 bc. After being forcibly prevented from vetoing Caesar's agrarian law, he attempted to invalidate all legislation of that year by remaining at his house and announcing that he was ‘watching the heavens’ for unfavourable omens (see portents)—a device of doubtful legality. In the 50s he consistently supported the optimates and was chosen to propose Pompey's sole consulship in 52. In 51–49 he governed Syria, where one of his officers won a minor success, for which he was awarded a triumph, largely through the efforts of his father‐in‐law Porcius Cato 2. Assigned a naval command with a large fleet in 49, he was unable to prevent Caesar's crossing to Epirus and died in 48. He had three sons by a first wife. He later married Porcia, daughter of Cato, and had one son by her, who wrote a brief biography of Marcus Iunius Brutus, Porcia's second husband.

Subjects: Classical Studies.

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