Overview

Cambridge


Related Overviews

Oxford

John Fisher (1469—1535) bishop of Rochester, cardinal, and martyr

Charles Simeon (1759—1836) Church of England clergyman

Hugh Latimer (c. 1485—1555) bishop of Worcester, preacher, and protestant martyr

See all related overviews in Oxford Index » »

 

More Like This

Show all results sharing this subject:

  • Literature

GO

Show Summary Details

Quick Reference

The city, of Roman origin, had a remarkable number of churches and religious houses by the central Middle Ages. When Cambridgeshire was split from the diocese of Lincoln in 1109, its first bishop settled at Ely but the link between Ely and Cambridge was close; it was probably the bishop's clerks who provided hospitality in Cambridge for students escaping riots in Oxford in 1209, and so founded the University of Cambridge. The first college, Peterhouse, was founded in 1284. The university won royal patronage, but until the 15th cent. remained modest in comparison with Oxford. Many of the leaders of the Reformation came from Cambridge, including Abp. T. Cranmer, as did leading Anglicans of the 16th and 17th cents. In the 19th cent. it played a part in the evangelical revival, especially through the influence of C. Simeon, and later nurtured a series of eminent biblical scholars. See also following entries.

Subjects: Literature.


Reference entries

See all related reference entries in Oxford Index »


Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.