Eldest son of Cyrus 1; acceded on the death of his father (530 bc). He completed his father's grand plan by conquering Egypt, where he was successful in promoting a policy of collaboration with the local élites. The Egyptian documents contradict the information collected later by Herodotus on this point. Babylonia is a good example of how Cambyses placed the great sanctuaries under tight control. The news of the revolt of his brother, Smerdis, forced Cambyses to leave Egypt in haste in 522; he died in Syria.
Subjects: Classical Studies.