Legal proceedings conducted other than in open court. The general principle at common law and in Article 6 of the European Convention on Human Rights is that court proceedings should be held in public. The common law does allow the court to exclude the public and sit in camera where: there is a possibility of disorder; a witness would refuse to testify publicly; or, because of the effect of public hearing on possible future prosecutions. Statute allows the exclusion of the public in some Official Secrets Act trials and excludes children unless they are witnesses or defendants. There are special restrictions on the public attending youth courts.