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See also aperture; cinematography; crash zoom; cropping; exposure; gendered camerawork; headroom; objective camerawork; subjective camerawork.

1. The art, craft, and techniques of using any kind of camera.

2. A generic term for all the techniques used by camera operators to film moving images.

3. Sometimes used to distinguish what is done ‘in camera’ from what may be done afterwards in post-production. It includes framing, camera position, camera angle, shot size, lens choice, focus (see deep focus; depth of field), zooming, and camera movement.

Subjects: Media Studies.

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