(b Naples, 1801; d Naples, 1852).
It. poet, dramatist, painter, and librettist. Had plays staged when he was 18. Wrote first lib. in 1834. In 1835 first collab. with Donizetti on Lucia di Lammermoor. Among subsequent libs. he wrote for him were those of L'assedio di Calais, Belisario, Roberto Devereux, Poliuto and others. In 1841 wrote Alzira for Verdi, following it with La battaglia di Legnano, Luisa Miller, and most of Il trovatore (he died before completing the last).