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Avril Kim Campbell

(b. 1947)


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Brian Mulroney (b. 1939) Canadian Progressive Conservative statesman, Prime Minister 1984–93

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(b. 10 Mar. 1947).

Prime Minister of Canada 1993

The first woman Prime Minister in Canadian history was born at Port Alberni (British Columbia). After obtaining degrees from the University of British Columbia and the London School of Economics, she became a member of the provincial legislative assembly in 1986, entering the House of Commons for the Progressive Conservative Party in 1988. Campbell became Minister of Justice and Attorney‐General in 1990, and Minister of Defence in 1993. Following Mulroney's resignation, she won the party leadership and became Prime Minister. Campbell failed to revive the party for the general elections three months later, plunging it into deeper unpopularity through her disorganized campaign and unguarded comments. The party's parliamentary strength fell from 154 to just two seats and she lost her own seat to the Liberal Party.

Subjects: Politics — History.


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