German painter and designer, born at Krefeld, where he studied under Thorn Prikker at the Arts and Crafts School. In 1911 he moved to Bavaria and in that year exhibited with the Blaue Reiter in Munich. His paintings at this time showed the influence of Macke's interpretation of Orphism combined with a taste for Bavarian folk art. In 1914 he met Chagall, and Campendonk's later work, which included numerous stained-glass windows, often has something of Chagall's sense of dreamlike fantasy. Campendonk taught at various art schools in the 1920s, and in 1933 he was dismissed from his post at the Düsseldorf Academy by the Nazis, his work being declared degenerate. He then moved to Amsterdam, where he taught at the Academy for most of the rest of his life.
From A Dictionary of Modern and Contemporary Art in Oxford Reference.