Lewis Campbell was born in Edinburgh on 3 September 1830 and died in Brissago, Lake Maggiore on 25 October 1908. The son of a naval commander, he was educated at Edinburgh Academy and at Glasgow University, then in 1849 went as Snell Exhibitioner to Oxford (Balliol College). He remained close to a friend of his schooldays, James Clerk Maxwell, author of the important Treatise on Electricity and Magnetism (1873), and to his classical teachers at Glasgow, William Ramsay and Edmund Lushington. At Oxford, he came under the powerful influence of Benjamin Jowett, who was first his tutor, then his patron, collaborator and close friend. Campbell became a fellow and tutor at The Queen's College in 1856, but resigned on marrying in 1858. Ordained priest in 1858, he spent five years of active ministry at Milford, Hampshire; he preached occasionally throughout his life, with some of his sermons being published. In 1863 he was appointed Professor of Greek at the University of St Andrews, and resigned his chair in 1892, after a long period of ill health, exacerbated by his adverse reactions to sweeping change in university administration. Thereafter he made his main home in Italy, where he died on a journey back from Oxford.
From The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy in Oxford Reference.