André Campra


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(b Aix‐en‐Provence, 1660; d Versailles, 1744).

Fr. composer of It. descent. Dir. of mus. at several caths., incl. Arles 1681–3, Toulouse 1683–94, and Notre Dame de Paris 1694–1700. First stage work was opéra‐ballet L'Europe galante (Paris 1697). Created the form opéra‐ballet. Comp. many more operas and opéra‐ballets, incl. Le carnaval de Venise (1698); Tancrède (1702); Iphigénie en Tauride (1704); Alcine (1705); Idomenée (1712, rev. 1731); Camille, reine des volsques (1717); Achille et Deidamie (1735). Also wrote church mus. incl. Requiem (c.1722); 3 books of Cantates françoises (1708, 1714, 1728); Mass (1700); and many motets and psalms.

Subjects: Music.

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