Overview

Camulodunum


Related Overviews

oppidum

Claudius (10 bc — 54 ad) Roman emperor

Cunobelinus (d. c. 42 ad) king in southern Britain

legion

See all related overviews in Oxford Index » »

 

'Camulodunum' can also refer to...

 

More Like This

Show all results sharing these subjects:

  • Classical Studies
  • Religion

GO

Show Summary Details

Quick Reference

(mod. Colchester) Substantial earthworks surrounded an iron age oppidum of the Augustan period. This was the capital and mint of Cunobel(l)inus. Captured in Claudius' campaign of ad 43, a fortress of legion XX Valeria was constructed beside it, and in 49 a colony was founded on the site of the fortress. This became the first provincial capital, with the temple of Divus Claudius and a theatre with an adjacent forum. This unwalled town was sacked by Boudicca in 60/1 and later rebuilt to cover an area of c.43 ha. (106 acres). Its defences were a clay bank to which, it appears, a stone wall was added in the early 2nd cent.

Subjects: Classical Studies — Religion.


Reference entries

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.