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Claudius (10 bc — 54 ad) Roman emperor

Cunobelinus (d. c. 42 ad) king in southern Britain


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(mod. Colchester) Substantial earthworks surrounded an iron age oppidum of the Augustan period. This was the capital and mint of Cunobel(l)inus. Captured in Claudius' campaign of ad 43, a fortress of legion XX Valeria was constructed beside it, and in 49 a colony was founded on the site of the fortress. This became the first provincial capital, with the temple of Divus Claudius and a theatre with an adjacent forum. This unwalled town was sacked by Boudicca in 60/1 and later rebuilt to cover an area of c.43 ha. (106 acres). Its defences were a clay bank to which, it appears, a stone wall was added in the early 2nd cent.

Subjects: Classical Studies — Religion.

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