Edmund Candler


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Rudyard Kipling (1865—1936) writer and poet


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(1874–1926) married (1902) Olive Mary Tooth. The son of a doctor, he was educated at Repton School and Emmanuel College, Cambridge. He became a teacher in Darjeeling, and in 1900 professor of English Literature at a college in Madras; in his vacations he travelled widely in the Far East. He contributed to various periodicals, and was the Daily Mail correspondent on an expedition to Tibet, where he had his hand amputated after a fight. Subsequently he did more teaching and worked as a war correspondent in Mesopotamia during the First World War. His fiction consists of a collection of short stories The General Plan (1911), and Sidi Ram: Revolutionist (1912) and its sequel Abdication (1922), which deal unsympathetically with the militant Indian nationalist movement, and suggest that conflict between Indians and their rulers is instinctive, and the Empire itself is doomed. In the story ‘A Break in the Rains’ two English lovers steal a sacred statue and experience the horror of India until they return it. He also published an autobiography, Youth and the East (1924), in which he reflects with unusual self-consciousness on the colonial experience and its literary dimension: ‘Kipling was a provocation and a challenge. I believe that the very hideousness of the picture in such tales as “At the End of the Passage”, or “The City of Dreadful Night” was part of the lure of the East.’

From The Oxford Companion to Edwardian Fiction in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Literature.