canopic jar

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A stone or pottery container used in ancient Egyptian burial practices from Old Kingdom times onwards for holding the entrails of an embalmed body. Four separate jars were usually provided to hold the liver, lungs, stomach, and intestines. From New Kingdom times onwards each jar was covered by a lid carved with a head representing one of the four sons of Horus, each also having a protecting goddess: the falcon‐headed Qebhsnuf (the intestines) watched over by Selket; the human‐headed Imsety (the liver) watched over by Isis; the jackal‐headed Duamutef (the stomach) watched over by Neith; and the baboon‐headed Hapi (the lungs) watched over by Nephthys.

Subjects: Archaeology.

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