also St Thomas of Hereford, Bp. of Hereford from 1275. He was Chancellor of Oxford University in 1261 and again in 1273, and for a short time Chancellor of England in 1265. As bishop he combated simoniacal practices and nepotism. His later years were filled with disputes with J. Pecham (from 1279 Abp. of Canterbury) over questions of jurisdiction; one of these led to his excommunication in 1282. The fame of his sanctity and the miracles at his tomb nevertheless led to his canonization in 1320. Feast day, originally 2 Oct.; in modern RC calendars, 3 Oct.