(1854–1939). Born in Dundee, Scotland, and educated at the University of Glasgow, he taught literature for two years at Geneva and then at Glasgow, where he wrote his first critical study, Victor Hugo (1885). In 1888 he became professor of English language and literature at Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, and edited, and contributed articles frequently to, Queen's Quarterly. He was appointed the first dean of arts in 1906 and was elected to the Royal Society of Canada in 1917. His series of letters, collected as Britain's title in South Africa (1901), defended Britain's stand in the South African War.
From The Oxford Companion to Canadian Literature in Oxford Reference.