'carbonatite' can also refer to...




The Grønnedal-Ika Carbonatite–Syenite Complex, South Greenland: Carbonatite Formation by Liquid Immiscibility

Carbonatites—Into the Twenty-First Century

Carbonatite Metasomatism in the Southeastern Australian Lithosphere

The Case for Primary, Mantle-derived Carbonatite Magma

Rare Earth Elements in Sövitic Carbonatites and their Mineral Phases

Radiogenic Isotopic Ratio Variations in Carbonatites and Associated Alkaline Silicate Rocks: Role of Crustal Assimilation

Carbonatite occurrences of the world: map and database, by A. R. Woolley and B. A. Kjarsgaard.

Carbonatite and Alkaline Magmatism in Taourirt (Morocco): Petrological, Geochemical and Sr–Nd Isotope Characteristics

Mingling of Immiscible Dolomite Carbonatite and Trachyte in Tuffs from the Massif Central, France

Tectonic Setting of 2.6 Ga Carbonatites in the Slave Province, NW Canada

Radiogenic Isotope Constraints on Relationships between Carbonatites and Associated Silicate Rocks—a Brief Review

Processes of Crustal Carbonatite Formation by Liquid Immiscibility and Differentiation, Elucidated by Model Systems

Mineralogy of Crystallized Melt Inclusions from Gardiner and Kovdor Ultramafic Alkaline Complexes: Implications for Carbonatite Genesis

Nepheline Sövites as Parental Magmas in Carbonatite Complexes: Evidence from Dicker Willem, Southwest Namibia

The Petrogenetic Association of Carbonatite and Alkaline Magmatism: Constraints from the Spitskop Complex, South Africa

Petrochronological Constraints on the Origin of the Mountain Pass Ultrapotassic and Carbonatite Intrusive Suite, California


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Unusual igneous rock, rich in calcite and other carbonate minerals (including dolomite and ankerite), which is considered to be mantle-derived. Carbonatites occur as intruded masses, dykes, and as cone sheets, and rarely as lavas and tephra; and are found in association with alkali-rich igneous rocks, notably those erupted by the volcanoes of the East African Rift. Rare elements, including the REEs (rare earth elements), barium, niobium, thorium, and phosphorus, are often enriched in comparison with many crustal and mantle-derived igneous rocks.

Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography.

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