Cardinal Principles

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Deng Xiaoping (1904—1997) Chinese communist statesman

Mao Zedong (1893—1976) Chinese statesman

Tiananmen Square


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The guiding principles of Deng Xiaoping's regime, announced in 1979 in response to the Democracy Wall Movement. These were ‘Keep to the socialist road; uphold the people's democratic dictatorship; uphold the leadership of the Communist Party; and uphold Marxism‐Leninism and Mao Zedong thought'. Despite the pragmatism of the new leadership on liberalism in economic matters, these hardline principles served as a stern reminder that political liberalization was out of the question. They provided the basis and justification of the political repression under Deng.Tiananmen Square

Tiananmen Square

Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).

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