(b. Brooklyn, New York, 11 Apr. 1919)
US; member of the US House of Representatives 1960–75, Governor of New York 1974–83 Educated at St John's College and St John's Law School, Carey was for a time employed in the family petrochemicals business. Carey became a Democratic member of the House of Representatives in 1960 and served there until 1974, for part of the time acting as deputy whip.
In 1974 Carey was elected Governor of New York, a post to which he was re-elected in 1978. In office Carey had to impose a programme of financial stringency on the state and as a result alienated both liberals (who wanted more public spending) and conservatives who wanted more radical cuts in the public budget. Carey also incurred unpopularity for his opposition to capital punishment. Although Carey was for a time mentioned as a possible presidential candidate, the policies he had had to enact as Governor were not likely to win votes with the wider democratic constituency. On leaving office in 1983 Carey returned to legal practice.