Gershom Carmichael

(1672—1729) philosopher

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Francis Hutcheson (1694—1746) moral philosopher

Adam Smith (1723—1790) moral philosopher and political economist

Thomas Reid (1710—1796) natural and moral philosopher


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Gershom Carmichael was born in London, the son of Alexander Carmichael, a Scottish Presbyterian clergyman. His mother, Christian Inglis, later married the Scottish theologian and mystic, James Fraser of Brae. Gershom was educated at the University of Edinburgh. He began his teaching career at the University of St Andrews, in 1693; and was appointed Professor of Philosophy at the University of Glasgow in 1694. Like John Loudon, with whom he allied himself in successive challenges to the Principal over issues of University governance, Carmichael enjoyed the patronage of the Duchess of Hamilton and of his relative James Carmichael, Earl of Hyndford. He was appointed Professor of Moral Philosophy in 1727, when the regenting system at Glasgow was terminated. He was Glasgow's first Professor of Moral Philosophy and the predecessor of Francis Hutcheson, Adam Smith and Thomas Reid.


From The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Philosophy.

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