(b. 24 Nov. 1869, d. 18 Apr. 1951).
President of Portugal 1928–51 Born in Lisbon, he graduated from the Royal Military College of Portugal in 1888 and by 1922 held the rank of general. He took part in the military coup in 1926 and became Prime Minister, with Salazar as his Finance Minister. Two years later he had himself elected President. In 1932, he appointed Salazar Prime Minister. Carmona then became more of a figurehead, responsible primarily for maintaining the crucial relationship between the regime and the military. He left the day‐to‐day management of the Estado Novo to the civilian Salazar. In the last years of his life, his influence declined, mainly because of his old age and declining health.
Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).