A large exhibition of contemporary art held at the Museum of Art, Carnegie Institute, Pittsburgh, at regular intervals since 1896. The institute had been founded the previous year by the Scottish-born industrialist and philanthropist Andrew Carnegie (1835–1919), who intended that its permanent collection should grow out of wide-ranging exhibitions of contemporary art: ‘The field for which the gallery is designed begins this year.’ The Carnegie Internationals were originally held annually and later triennially. The prizes awarded at the exhibition carry great prestige. Among the artists who have won them are Matisse (1927), Braque (1937), Calder (1958), Giacometti (1961), and Miró (1967). Many important works have entered the Carnegie Museum of Art's permanent collection by way of the exhibition.