Caroline of Brunswick

(1768—1821) queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, consort

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queen of George IV. Caroline's marriage to her cousin George, prince of Wales, in March 1795 was a spectacular disaster. Intimacy was confined to the first night, and the couple separated after the birth of their daughter Princess Charlotte in January 1796. Thereafter, Caroline spent much time on the continent with a strange entourage, which led to much gossip. A ‘delicate investigation’ in 1806 cleared her of adultery but declared that she had been indiscreet. When George became king in 1820, Caroline returned to England to claim her place as queen. Her cause was taken up by George's not inconsiderable number of enemies and she won a good deal of popular support. But when Caroline appeared at Westminster abbey in July 1821 at George's coronation, demanding to be let in, she overplayed her hand. She died a fortnight afterwards.

Subjects: British History.

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