(b Lille, 4 July 1838; d Paris, 18 Feb. 1917).
French painter. His early works included peasant scenes influenced by Courbet's Realism, but from about 1870 he concentrated on portraits (particularly of women), becoming a great fashionable success with his slick style. Sargent was the most important of his many pupils and was influenced by his rich, fluid brushwork. In 1905–10 Carolus-Duran was director of the French Academy in Rome.