(b Park Ridge, Ill., 1876; d Chicago, 1951).
Amer. composer who, like Ives, combined mus. with successful business career. Made name with orch. suite Adventures in a Perambulator (Chicago 1915). Comp. 3 ballets: Birthday of the Infanta (Chicago 1919), Krazy‐Kat, using jazz idioms (Chicago 1922), and Skyscrapers (NY 1926). Other works incl. 2 syms.; tone‐poem Sea Drift (1933, rev. 1944); vn. conc.; pf. concertino (1915); str. qt.; pf. quintet; and songs. Skyscrapers depicts Amer. city life and its score incl. 3 saxophones, banjo, and 2 red traffic lights operated by kbd. Quotes popular songs and alludes to jazz.