Eugène Carrière


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(1849–1906). French symbolist painter and printmaker, who trained as a lithographer, but then entered Cabanel's painting studio at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris in 1869. In addition to portraits and some religious works, he produced a large number of studies of his wife and children, illustrating the deeply felt theme of motherhood. In such works as Maternity (c. 1892; New York, MoMa), painted in a narrow range of umbers, he cultivated a technique in which form was dissolved in a mysterious and misty haze. This quality of mystery greatly appealed to the Symbolists, with whom Carrière had close relations. He exchanged portraits with Gauguin, and produced a memorable lithographic image of Verlaine (1896). Rodin greatly admired him, and his lithograph Rodin Sculpting (1900), with its seer-like figure conjured from the shadows, seems a metaphor for the mystery of the creative process. Carrière's art epitomizes a fin de siècle spirituality, and he was a celebrated artist.

From The Oxford Companion to Western Art in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Art.

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