(b. 6 June 1919).
British Foreign Secretary 1979–82 Born in London, he was educated at Eton and the Royal Military College, Sandhurst, and was awarded the Military Cross in World War II. He took his seat in the House of Lords in 1945, and held a variety of ministerial posts, until he became Secretary of State for Defence in 1970. He was Secretary for Energy in 1974, and Chairman of the Conservative Party, 1972–4. As Thatcher's Foreign Secretary, he resigned after he had failed to predict an Argentine invasion of the Falkland Islands, despite detailed information (see Falklands War). From 1984 to 1988, he was Secretary‐General of NATO, and in 1992 he served as an observer for the Council of Europe in the Balkans.
Subjects: Politics — History.