(1844–1927), English Unitarian divine. The grandson of L. Carpenter (q.v.), he was educated at University College, London. After some years as Unitarian minister at Clifton, Bristol (1866–1869) and Mill Hill, Leeds (1869–75), he became lecturer at Manchester New College, first at London (1875–89) and then at Oxford (1889–1906). From 1906 to 1915 he was principal of Manchester College. One of the chief figures in modern Unitarianism, he was widely respected for his extensive knowledge in comparative religion, Semitic literature, and other religious subjects. His writings include The First Three Gospels (1890), The Composition of the Hexateuch (1902), Comparative Religion (in the Home University Library, 1913), and The Johannine Writings (1927). He was also the English translator of vols. 3 to 5 of G. H. A. Ewald's History of Israel.
From The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church in Oxford Reference.