French archaeologist and one of the founders of the tradition of prehistoric archaeology in his home country. Born in Marseilles, he was educated in law and the natural sciences, soon discovering that the latter, and archaeology in particular, was his real interest. For twenty years he was editor of the journal Matériaux pour l'histoire primitive et naturelle de l'homme, founded by Gabriel de Mortillet, and he wrote many books on French and Mediterranean prehistory. Although initially unconvinced of the antiquity of French and Spanish cave art, he changed his mind after visiting Altamira in the company of the Abbé Breuil and subsequently did much to shift public opinion towards an acceptance of these works as Palaeolithic in date.
Antiquaries Journal, 2 (1922), 269