Carteret, John, 2nd Baron Carteret, 1st Earl Granville

(1690—1763) politician

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Carteret achieved prominence through Baltic diplomacy, 1719–20, and became secretary of state in 1721. Walpole and Townshend's jealousy led to his demotion to the lord‐lieutenancy of Ireland in 1724 and dismissal in 1730, whereupon he became a leader of the Whig opposition. Upon Walpole's fall in 1742, Carteret was appointed secretary of state for the northern department. He became George II's favourite minister, developing complex diplomatic schemes to assist Austria, Britain's ally in the War of the Austrian Succession. In November 1744 Granville (as he had become) was forced to resign. After some years of semi‐retirement, Granville was persuaded by Newcastle in 1751 to become lord president. An accomplished classicist, linguist, and wit, Granville's career was restricted by underestimating the power of the Commons.

Subjects: British History.

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