(1807–82) soldier, born in East Greenwich, Rhode Island. As a captain, he led a storming party of 250 men as a “forlorn hope” against Chapultepec castle in the Mexican War (1847). In the Civil War, he organized and trained Union volunteers in 1861, then commanded a division under George B. McClellan in 1862. In the Peninsular campaign, he was routed at Seven Pines with more than 1,800 casualties (1862), and he was deposed as field commander and sent back to Washington, D.C.
From The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military in Oxford Reference.
Subjects: Warfare and Defence.