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Cassander

(d. 297 bc)


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(d. 297 bc),

son of Antipater, represented his father at Babylon (323), where Alexander 2 the Great treated him with naked hostility. In the struggles of the Successors he first impinges at Triparadeisus (late 321), where he was appointed chiliarch (cavalry commander and grand vizier). Chiliarch he remained at Antipater's death (autumn 319), subordinate to the regent Polyperchon; but he defected to Antigonus I and with Antigonus' support established bases in Piraeus and Pelop‐onnese (318/17). An inconclusive invasion of Macedon was followed by a wholly successful one, which overthrew Olympias. From 316 he was master of Macedon and promoted the memory of Philip II over that of Alexander. He ceremonially refounded Thebes (316). A leading figure in the coalition war against Antigonus (315–311), he secured recognition of his position as general in Europe in the ‘Peace of the Dynasts’ (311) and later had himself proclaimed ‘King of the Macedonians’, later his official title. His death left Macedon temporarily stable, but soon to be convulsed by the quarrels of his heirs.

Subjects: Classical Studies.


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