(b Milan, 19 July 1688; d Peking [Beijing], 16 July 1766). Italian Jesuit missionary and painter who settled in China in 1715 and worked for three successive emperors. It is said that he studied Chinese painting by imperial command, and his landscapes and animal and genre paintings, in which Chinese brushwork and Western naturalism were combined for the first time, enjoyed great success at the court. He was the first Western painter to be appreciated by the Chinese, and was commissioned to paint portraits, scenes of court life, and imperial military expeditions. His work is well represented in the Musée Guimet, Paris.
From The Oxford Dictionary of Art in Oxford Reference.