In sport, there are three main types of very serious injury: non-fatal, serious, and fatal. A non-fatal catastrophic injury is one in which there is a permanent severe neurological disability (e.g. a vertebral fracture that results in partial or complete quadriplegia). A severe catastrophic injury is one in which there is a transient, but not permanent functional neurological disability (e.g. a fractured vertebra with no permanent paralysis). A fatal catastrophic injury may result directly from participation in the skills of sport, or indirectly from a systemic failure as a result of exertion while participating in a sport (e.g. heart failure). See also sudden death.
Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine.