A religious body partly inspired by the teaching of E. Irving; its members were sometimes called ‘Irvingites’. It developed out of a millenarian circle which had gathered round H. Drummond at Albury, Surrey, and counted Irving among its members. They believed in the imminence of the Second Coming of Christ, in preparation for which they resolved to re-establish the primitive offices of apostles, prophets, etc. The first ‘apostle’ (J. B. Cardale) was called in 1832; the full college of twelve held their first ‘council’ in 1835. They soon undertook missionary journeys to mainland Europe, Canada, and the USA. After the death of the last ‘apostle’ in 1901 they dwindled and are now virtually extinct.