(1899–1978), born in Michigan, attended Oberlin College, became a journalist, and served in World War II. His trilogy of historical studies about the Army of the Potomac is Mr. Lincoln's Army (1951), Glory Road (1952), and A Stillness at Appomattox (1953, Pulitzer Prize). Later works related to the Civil War, his central subject, include: U.S. Grant and the American Military Tradition (1954) and its sequels, Grant Moves South (1960) and Grant Takes Command (1969); This Hallowed Ground (1956), on the Union side of the war; a Centennial History of the Civil War in three volumes: The Coming Fury (1961), Terrible Swift Sword (1963), and Never Call Retreat (1965); and Two Roads to Sumter (1963), biographies of Lincoln and Jefferson Davis written in collaboration with his son William. He also wrote a memoir of his youth, Waiting for the Morning Train (1972), and Michigan: A Bicentennial History (1976).
From The Oxford Companion to American Literature in Oxford Reference.