(fl. 1612—1655)

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Salomon de Caus (c. 1576—1626) engineer and architect

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Salomon de Caus (c. 1576—1626) engineer and architect


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(fl. 1612–55).

Born in Dieppe, son or nephew of Salomon de Caux. He settled in England and was mainly a gar-den-architect and hydraulics engineer, but was also described as an engineer and architect. He was associated with Inigo Jones, designed a grotto in the basement of the Whitehall Banqueting House (1623–4), and supervised the erection of Jones's houses around the ‘Piazza’ at Covent Garden (1633–4). He designed grottoes at Somerset House (1630–3) and Woburn Abbey, Beds. (1630). De Caux then moved to the service of the Earl of Pembroke, for whom he rebuilt the south front of Wilton House, Wilts., and laid out gardens (1635–7). A Palladianesque composition with pavilion-towers, it was probably derived from Scamozzi's Idea della Architettura Universale (1615), and Jones was likely involved as a consultant. De Caux also prepared designs for Stalbridge Park, Dorset (1638), and published a book on hydraulics in 1644.

Colvin (1995);J. Hs&T (1979);M&E (1995);Strong (1979)

Subjects: Architecture.

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