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causal inference


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The method of logical reasoning that seeks to use all available facts to arrive at a conclusion about the relationship of particular causes to their effects. This is the main method of reasoning in the public health sciences, especially epidemiology. It was discussed in a seminal monograph by Mervyn Susser, Causal Thinking in the Health Sciences (1973), and in many later articles and monographs. See also Hill's criteria and logic.

Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology — Social Sciences.


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