Opera (melodramma) in 1 act by Mascagni to lib. by Menasci and Targioni‐Tozzetti based on play (1884) by Verga adapted from his short story (1880). Won prize for 1‐act opera in competition organized by Sonzogno, 1889. Prod. Rome 1890, London 1891. Usually perf. as double bill with Leoncavallo's Pagliacci, hence the vernacular ‘Cav. and Pag.’. Another 1‐act opera with the same title was comp. in 1906 by Domenico Monleone and f.p. Amsterdam 1907.