(b. 4 Dec. 1865, d. 12 Oct. 1915).
English nurse Born in Swardeston, Norfolk, and educated at home, in Somerset, and in Brussels. In 1906, she co‐founded a school in Brussels to train nurses according to British techniques. She stayed in Brussels during World War I with the permission of the German authorities, nursing both Allied and German wounded. She also assisted British and French soldiers to escape to neutral Holland. When this was discovered, she was arrested for espionage, tried, and executed. She was regarded as a martyr in the Allied countries, and even the German Emperor Wilhelm II, who was not usually noted for his political tact, recognized the execution to have been a major political mistake.
Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).