A company founded by J. Craig Venter, who served as its president from 1998 to 2002. Its initial task was to complete the sequence and assembly of the human genome. A factory was set up in Rockville, MD, where 300 automated DNA sequencing machines were kept in continuous operation along with advanced computer systems for assembly of the sequenced fragments. As a test of its capabilities, Celera collaborated with the Berkeley Drosophila Genome Project to sequence and assemble the Drosophila genome. This task was completed during 1999 in only four months. The first rough draft of the human genome was completed in 2000, and the event was announced in a ceremony held at the White House. At first, Celera made money by charging subscription fees for the genomic data it uncovered. However, in May of 2005, Celera closed its subscription service and released all its genomic data to the public. See Chronology, 2000, Adams et al.; 2001, Collins and Venter et al.; DNA sequencers, Human Genome Project, Mus musculus, TIGR.
Subjects: Genetics and Genomics.