Celestine III

(c. 1106—1198)

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Pope from 1191. He defended Abelard at the Council of Sens (1140) and later urged Thomas Becket to adopt a less intransigent attitude. Elected Pope in his 85th year, his reign was marked by indecision. However, he approved the Orders of Knights Templar, the Hospitallers, and the newly formed Teutonic Order.

Subjects: Christianity.

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