Census Act

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Arthur Young (1741—1820) agricultural reformer and writer


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In 18th‐cent. Britain there was much uncertainty about the size of the population. In 1753 Thomas Potter moved in Parliament for an annual census. His opponents retorted that it would give valuable information to enemies, and complained of the affront to British liberty. The bill was lost in the Lords. The 1800 bill, which carried the day, was introduced at the suggestion of John Rickman. There was no opposition and the first census of Great Britain was carried out on 10 March 1801. The population of England and Wales was returned as 9.168 million and Scotland as 1.599 million, revealing an upwards trend. Contemporaries were struck by the size of London which, at 1 million, was as big as all the other towns together. The census was a milestone in the provision of statistical data and has subsequently been held at ten‐year intervals.

Subjects: British History.

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