The European Space Agency's launch site, near Kourou in French Guiana. It handles about 12 launches a year. The location on the northeast coast of South America is ideal for launching geostationary satellites, since they must orbit above the Equator. CSG is operated by the Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales, which began launching French rockets there in 1969. The facility has a launch complex, ELA 2, comprising a launch preparation zone, a launch zone, and a launch control centre, to launch Ariane 4 rockets, an ELA 3 complex for Ariane 5, and a payload preparation complex.
Subjects: Astronomy and Astrophysics.